A Comprehensive Guide to Paving

What is Paving in Concrete?

Paving refers to the process of creating a durable, flat, and level surface using materials like concrete, stones, bricks, or sand. Concrete paving, in particular, is the practice of using concrete to create a solid foundation for various structures, including sidewalks, driveways, and patios.

Paving Materials and Techniques

There are numerous paving materials available, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Some popular materials include concrete, asphalt, natural stone, and bricks. Techniques for laying these materials also differ based on the desired appearance and functionality.

Concrete Paving Process

The concrete paving process involves the following steps:

  1. Preparing the site: Remove any grass, vegetation, or debris, and level the ground.
  2. Creating a subbase: Lay a layer of crushed stone or gravel to provide support and drainage.
  3. Building forms: Set up wooden or metal forms to hold the concrete in place.
  4. Mixing and pouring concrete: Combine the appropriate amounts of cement, sand, aggregate, and water, then pour the mixture into the forms.
  5. Finishing: Smooth the surface and add any desired patterns or textures.
  6. Curing: Allow the concrete to dry and harden over several days.

Paving Stones

Paving stones, also known as pavers, are individual units made from materials like natural stone or concrete. They come in various shapes, sizes, and colors, allowing for a wide range of design possibilities.

Types of Paving Stones

There are two main types of paving stones: natural stone pavers and concrete pavers.

Natural Stone Pavers

These pavers are made from natural materials like granite, limestone, sandstone, and slate. They offer a unique appearance and are known for their durability and longevity.

Concrete Pavers

Concrete pavers are manufactured from a mix of cement, sand, and aggregate. They can be made to resemble natural stone, brick, or other materials and are often more affordable than their natural counterparts.

Paving Slabs

Paving slabs, also known as patio sl

abs, are large, flat pieces of stone, concrete, or other materials used to create patios, walkways, and other outdoor spaces. They come in various sizes, shapes, and colors and can be arranged in different patterns to suit your taste and design preferences.

Advantages of Paving Slabs

Some of the benefits of using paving slabs include:

  1. Durability: Paving slabs are known for their strength and long-lasting nature.
  2. Low maintenance: They require minimal upkeep and can be easily cleaned with water and mild detergent.
  3. Versatility: Paving slabs come in a wide range of styles and materials, allowing for endless design possibilities.
  4. Easy installation: With proper preparation, paving slabs can be installed relatively quickly and easily.

Installation Tips

To ensure successful installation of paving slabs, follow these tips:

  1. Prepare the site by removing any vegetation and leveling the ground.
  2. Install a subbase of compacted gravel or crushed stone for support and drainage.
  3. Lay a layer of bedding sand to provide a smooth and even surface for the slabs.
  4. Place the paving slabs according to your desired pattern, leaving small gaps for jointing material.
  5. Fill the gaps with sand or other jointing materials and compact the surface.

Finding Paving Companies Near You

When searching for a paving company, it’s essential to do your due diligence to find a reputable and experienced contractor.

Research and Reviews

Look for local paving companies online and read reviews from previous customers. Check out their portfolio or gallery to see examples of their work. You can also ask friends, family, or neighbors for recommendations.

Licensing and Insurance

Ensure the paving company is properly licensed and insured, as this protects you in case of any accidents or damages during the project.

Paving Block

Paving blocks, also known as pavers or paving stones, are individual units used to create durable and attractive surfaces for various outdoor spaces. They come in a wide range of materials, shapes, and sizes, allowing for numerous design and pattern options.

Design and Patterns

Some popular paving block patterns include herringbone, basketweave, running bond, and stacked bond. The choice of pattern will depend on your desired aesthetic and the functionality of the space.

Paving Contractors Near Me

When looking to hire a paving contractor, consider the following tips:

  1. Get multiple quotes: Request estimates from several contractors to compare prices and services.
  2. Check references: Ask for a list of previous clients and contact them to inquire about their experience with the contractor.
  3. Verify experience: Choose a contractor with a proven track record in the type of project you’re planning.

Paving Stones Direct

Paving Stones Direct refers to purchasing paving stones directly from the manufacturer or supplier, bypassing the need for a middleman or retailer. This can often result in cost savings and a wider selection of products.

Pros and Cons


  1. Cost savings: Buying directly from the supplier may result in lower prices.
  2. Wider selection: Direct suppliers often have a more extensive range of products and materials.


  1. No showroom: You may not have the opportunity to view the product in person before purchasing.
  2. Shipping costs: Depending on the supplier, shipping fees may offset any cost savings.

Paving Bricks

Paving bricks, also known as brick pavers, are rectangular units made from clay or concrete that are used to create a variety of outdoor surfaces, including driveways, walkways, and patios.

Types of Paving Bricks

There are two primary types of paving bricks: clay bricks and concrete bricks.

Clay Bricks

Made from natural clay, these bricks offer a classic

and timeless appearance. They are known for their durability and color retention, even when exposed to the elements.

Concrete Bricks

Concrete bricks are manufactured from a mixture of cement, sand, and aggregate. They come in various colors and can be made to resemble clay bricks or other materials. Concrete bricks are often more affordable than clay bricks but may not have the same longevity and color retention.

Paving Sand

Paving sand, also known as jointing sand or bedding sand, plays a crucial role in the installation of paving stones, bricks, and slabs. It helps create a stable and level surface and fills the gaps between the individual units to provide stability and prevent weed growth.

Functions of Paving Sand

  1. Provides a smooth and even surface for paving materials to rest on.
  2. Fills the gaps between paving units, helping to lock them in place and prevent movement.
  3. Prevents weed growth by inhibiting the germination of seeds and blocking sunlight.
  4. Enhances drainage, allowing water to pass through the joints and away from the surface.

Choosing the Right Sand

There are several types of sand available for paving projects, and it’s essential to select the right one for your needs. Some popular options include sharp sand, builder’s sand, and polymeric sand. Sharp sand is coarse and gritty, making it ideal for bedding sand, while builder’s sand is finer and more suited to filling joints. Polymeric sand is a specially formulated blend that hardens when wet, providing a more durable and weed-resistant joint.


Paving plays a crucial role in enhancing the aesthetics and functionality of outdoor spaces. By understanding the different materials, techniques, and considerations involved in paving, you can make informed decisions to create the perfect surface for your needs. Whether you’re working with concrete, paving stones, slabs, or bricks, a well-executed paving project can significantly improve the appearance and value of your property.


  1. What’s the difference between concrete paving and paving stones? Concrete paving involves pouring a mixture of cement, sand, and aggregate to create a solid, continuous surface. Paving stones, on the other hand, are individual units made from materials like natural stone or concrete, arranged in a pattern to form a surface.
  2. How do I choose the right paving material for my project? Consider factors like aesthetics, durability, maintenance, and cost when selecting a paving material. Research the advantages and disadvantages of each material, and consult with a professional if you’re unsure.
  3. What is the purpose of paving sand? Paving sand serves as a smooth, even base for paving materials and fills the gaps between individual units to provide stability and prevent weed growth. It also helps with drainage, allowing water to pass through the joints.
  4. Can I install paving stones or slabs myself? With proper preparation, tools, and knowledge, it’s possible to install paving stones or slabs as a DIY project. However, for larger or more complex projects, hiring a professional paving contractor is recommended.
  5. How do I find a reputable paving contractor near me? Research local paving companies online, read reviews, and ask for recommendations from friends, family, or neighbors. Verify the contractor’s licensing and insurance, and request multiple quotes to compare prices and services.